Shawnee Pottery was started in Zanesville, Ohio, in 1937. It produced various types of household pottery from 1937 through 1961. People who were well known in the Ohio potteries were brought in to design and produce the items that Shawnee became famous for like A. E. Hull, Jr., son of the founder of Hull Pottey and George Rumrill, producer of Red Wing Pottery. After the end of World War II the pottery was unable to compete with the foreign imports that began flooding the nation and finally stopped operations in 1961.
Many copies of Shawnee Pottery were produced in the 1960s and 1970s. Also, Shawnee can be mistaken for McCoy because they are similar. However, most of Shawnee is completely glazed inside and out. There is a raised foot on the bottom that follows the contour of the base. Shawnee markings to look for: The base may just have “USA” inscribed in the clay. These pieces predate World War II. Other Shawnee markings are: “Shawnee” “Shawnee U.S.A.” “USA # ___” “Pat. Smiley” or “Pat. Winnie”.